Kodokan Judo - Aida

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Author: Hikoichi Aida (Translated by E.J. Harrison)
Pub: 1956 by W. Foulsham & Co.
Pages: 282
Ranking:Three star Rating
Out of Print


Although this has the same title as the more famous "Kodokan Judo" - it's not the same book at all. From an historical perspective, this would be a nice addition to your library. But compared to books that are easier to obtain, this doesn't have much for the Judoka trying to learn a technique. No photos, just line drawings. And E.J. Harrison jumps in and out of the text, you have to watch carefully to figure out who's 'talking' at any one point. For example, you'll be reading the description of Ashiguruma, and you'll come up on a new paragraph that says this:

"All in all the author's description of the Ashiguruma leaves a good deal to be desired. For instance when you execute the throws..."

Obviously, this is Mr. Harrison's words. So you just have to read carefully, since Mr. Harrison weaves his own writing directly into the text of the book.

If you collect Judo books for the love of reading them, this is worth the find, but if you look for books that have reference value, this won't be it.

 Translator's Preface                                                      5
                                     CHAPTER I                           
 Introductory   Survey  --  Efficacy  of  Judo  Training  --  Classifica-      
 tion  of  Waza  -- About  Atemiwaza  --  Order  of Judo Training --      
 Basic Principles from  the Viewpoint  of Training  -- Opportunities      
 for executing Waza -- Methods of executing Waza -- Aiki                  11
                                     CHAPTER II                          
 Foundations  of  Randoriwaza  --  About  Randoriwaza   --  Methods      
 of Salutation  -- Postures  -- About  the Judogi -- Kumikata  -- Prac-      
 tical  Employment  of  the  Body  --  Shintai  --  Grazing  Foot and      
 Following  Foot --  Kuzushi --  Directions of  Kuzushi --  Methods of      
 Kuzushi -- Tsukuri and Kake -- Ukemi -- Everyday Practice                23
                                    CHAPTER III                          
 Exposition  of  the Nagewaza  -- Hizaguruma  -- Osotogari  -- Osoto-      
 otoshi   --   Ukigoshi   --   Deashibarai  --   Sasaetsurikomiashi  --      
 Ouchigari   --  Hanegoshi   --  Ogoshi   --  Seoinage   --  Kosotogari      
 Okuriashibarai   --   Taiotoshi   --  Haraigoshi   --  Tsurikomigoshi      
 --   Haraitsurikomigoshi   --   Tomoenage   --  Uchimata   --  Kouchi-      
 gari   --  Kosotogake   --  Utsurigoshi   --  Kataguruma   --  Uranage      
 --   koshiguruma   --   Ukiwaza   --   Ukiotoshi   --   Sumiotoshi   --      
 --   Sumigaeshi   --   Oguruma    --   Ushirogoshi    --   Yokowakare      
 --   ashiguruma   --   Yokootoshi   --   Yokoguruma   --   Yokogake  --      
 Osotoguruma   --   Kukinage    --   Sotomakikomi    --   Uchimakikomi      
 --  Otsurigoshi  --   Kotsurigoshi  --   Obiotoshi  --   Seoiotoshi  --      
 Haraimakikomi     --     Hanemakikomi    --     Hikikomigaeshi    --
 Sukuinage                                                                46
                                    CHAPTER IV                           
 Study of Nagewaza and Kaeshiwaza --                                     161
                                     CHAPTER V                           
 Studies of Nagewaza -- Osotogari -- Ouchigari -- Hanegoshi --               
 Taiotoshi -- Haraigoshi                                                 166

                               CHAPTER VI                              
 Katamewaza  Section  --  Basis  of  Katamewaza  --   Branches  of       
 Katamewaza -- Methods of Entry  or Hairikata  -- Data  on Basis       
 of Osaekomiwaza                                                         176
                        CHAPTER VII                                    
 Exposition of Osaekomiwaza -- Kesagatame -- Hongesagatame               
 --  Kuzurekesagatame  --  Katagatame  --  Kamishihogatame               
 --  Yokoshihogatame  -- Kuzureyokoshihogatame  -- Kuzure-               
 kamishihogatame -- Tateshihogatame                                      188
                        CHAPTER VIII                                   
 Exposition  of Shimewaza  -- Basic  Principles --  Katajujijime --       
 Gyakujujijime  --  Namijujijime  --  Hadakajime  --  Okurierijime       
 -- Katahajime -- Sodeguruma -- Ryotejime                                202
                        CHAPTER IX                                     
 Exposition of Kansetsuwaza  -- Basic  Principles --  Udegarami --       
 Udehishigijujigatame  --  Udehishigiudegatame   --  Udehishigihi-       
 zagatame -- Ashigarami                                                  217
                          CHAPTER X                                    
 Exposition of Kata -- The Theory of Kata -- Distinction between       
 Kata and Randori -- Description of the Nage-no-Kata                     230
                        CHAPTER XI                                     
 Judo Obita  Dicta --  Fundamental attitude  to Training  -- There       
 are no  Secrets in  Judo --  Plan and  Training --  Continuity of       
 Training  --  Correct  Training  -- Abuse  of Waza  -- Improvement       
 of  Technique  --  Opponents  in Practice  -- Management  of Mind       
 and Strength -- Daily Care -- Practice and Contest --  Care before       
 Contest -- Hints on Training                                            257
 Glossary of the principal Terms to be found in the text of the       
 present Volume                                                          273
Index                                                                    279



It is gratifying for me to identify in the author of this outstanding work on the great art of judo none other than a former teacher of my own in the person of the then young and handsome Yudansha who, in the early twenties of this century, took The Budokwai by storm with his brilliant and devastating technique on the mat. Mr. Aida was in those days about twenty-seven years of age and perhaps at the zenith of his physical prowess. But time has a nasty habit of flying and a simple computation will suffice to show us that he has now passed his sixtieth milestone. However, by way of compensation his earlier by no means negligible experience has since ripened into a comprehensive grasp of both the theory and practice of judo which has entitled him to the grade of 8th Dan. And now he has placed his countrymen under an abiding debt of gratitude by embodying the fruits of his vast knowledge in a volume of nearly three hundred closely packed pages profusely illustrated with more than three hundred line drawings.

On the authority of such distinguished sponsors as Mr. Risei Kano, President of The Kodokan, son of the late Dr. Jigoro Kano, the illustrious founder of The Kodokan and creator of the synthetic art of judo, Kyuzo Mifune 10th Dan, Principal of The Kodokan, the late Hidekazu Nagaoka 10th Dan, and Mr. Kei Nishizaki, Chief of the Social Department of the Japanese Ministry of Education and himself a judoka of The Kodokan, we are justified in regarding Mr. Aida's book as the most valuable printed exposition of the art hitherto made available to Japanese readers. All four sponsors have supplied prefaces to the present volume. In these prefaces they introduce Mr. Aida as one of the most successful pioneer judo instructors to spread knowledge of the art beyond the boundaries of their native land. Thus it was in compliance with a formal application from The Budokwai of London that the late Dr. Kano specially chose Mr. Aida for the post of teacher to that society and himself brought Mr. Aida to London in July 1920 when Dr. Kano came to Europe to attend the Seventh Olympiad at Antwerp, Belgium. Mr. Aida did not accompany Dr. Kano to that Olympiad but stayed in England to teach judo. In his own special foreword to his book Mr. Aida records these facts together with some of the more vivid impressions culled from this chapter of his colourful professional autobiography. After about three years in the United Kingdom during which he taught the art not only at The Budokwai but to the students of Oxford and Cambridge Universities and to naval officers at Southampton, he extended his Odyssey to the continent in France and Germany. All in all he was absent from Japan about ten years. On his return to Japan he resumed judo tuition in various colleges and universities, and at the present time is instructor to the Shitoku Higher School and Hosei University. All four sponsors of this book recommend it unreservedly as the best and most exhaustive in this domain by virtue of the author's long and varied teaching experience at home and abroad which has afforded him an almost unique insight into the psychology of the neophyte and the difficulties likely to beset him in the uphill struggle to reach the coveted goal of Black Belt.

Greatly daring I have presumed to undertake the onerous task of freely translating most of this book and of interpreting much of the residue to the best of my ability. On the other hand I offer no apology for deliberately omitting the section on Ju-no-Kata, the so-called Forms of Gentleness to which the author has allotted no fewer than forty profusely illustrated pages. No doubt these special Forms are intrinsically valuable as a demonstration of mechanical laws applied to judo, and are suitable as a means of physical training for children, women and the aged. But at the risk of an indictment for blasphemy I must confess that I regard them as "caviare to the general", least popular among active male judoka, and apt to prove boring to most spectators at public displays of the art. Nor are the author's detailed curricula and timetables for judoka, to which also he devotes many pages at the end of his book, of particular value to foreign students. The inclusion of such data would have enlarged the English version beyond all reasonable bounds and without commensurate advantage to non-Japanese readers.

In my rendering of the original text I have in a few exceptional instances, where in my opinion the author's explanations of specific methods seemed incomplete or otherwise not wholly satisfactory, ventured to supplement them with corresponding ones given by other contemporary Japanese Yudansha of equal or even higher grades. This procedure I conceive to be the lawful prerogative of every conscientious editor anxious to provide value for currency. But apart from this "demarche", the correction of occasional obvious printer's errors and the effort to transmute the author's Japanese into fairly readable and lucid English, I have refrained from taking liberties with his text. I must diffidently leave it to my future readers to decide whether or not I have succeeded in this self-assumed, arduous and responsible enterprise.

E. J. H.
19 Mornington Avenue,
London, W. 14.


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