The Sport Science Of Elite Judo Athletes
This book is chock full of information. Unfortunately, not the sort of information that the average Judoka can use. This book is a "collection and review of sport science literature on judo training, performance and athletes." As the book itself says, "It is not, however, a book on judo competition technique, but rather a comprehensive literature review on sport science as it applies to elite judo performance." As you can see from the description given, this book will be quite valuable for national and international level Judo competitors and coaches, and can even be interesting reading for the average Judoka, but it's not the average Judo book.
CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 7 PREFACE & INTRODUCTION 11 A BRIEF HISTORY OF JUDO FROM THE MEIJI PERIOD TO THE PRESENT DAY 13 PART ONE THE PHYSIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF ELITE JUDO ATHLETES 19 An Analysis of Judo Mechanics and The Competitive Judo Match 19 The Physical Basis of Competitive Judo: Match Dynamics 19 Physiological Profiles of Elite Judo Athletes 23 Percent Body Fat of Elite Judo Athletes 23 Fibre Type Composition of Elite Judo Athletes 23 Aerobic Requirements of Elite Judo Athletes 24 Anaerobic Requirements of Elite Judo Athletes 27 Alactic and Lactate Components for Judo Performance 27 Anaerobic Power and Capacity of Elite Judo Athletes 28 Blood Lactate Concentrations of Elite Judo Athletes in Competition/Training 29 Strength Training Principles Applied For Judo Performance 31 Strength Profiles of Elite Judo Athletes 33 PART TWO RAPID WEIGHT LOSS & OVERTRAINING -- CONCERNS FOR JUDO PERFORMANCE 35 Physical Performance and Rapid Weight Loss in Sport 35 Physiological Effects of Dehydration and Rapid Weight Loss 36 Overtraining: An Introduction 39 The General Adaptation Syndrome: A Model of Stress Manifestation 40 The Methodology of Prolonged Training and Overtraining 40 Overtraining in Judo Athletes: A Case Study 41 The Physiological Effects of Reduced Training and Detraining 43 The Effects of Reduced Training on Performance 44 Red and White Blood Cell Responses to Prolonged Training 45 Endochrine Responses to Prolonged Training 46 Catecholamine Concentration 46 Testosterone Concentration 47 Cortisol Concentration 50 Summary 51 PART THREE PSYCHO-BEHAVIOURAL FACTORS IN JUDO PERFORMANCE 53 Successful vs. Unsuccessful Athletes 53 Psychological Traits of Olympic Athletes 54 Characteristics of Peak Performance 55 Psychological & Behavioural Responses to Prolonged Training & Overtraining 56 The Relationship of Fatigue to Lactate 56 Alterations in Mood States 57 Susceptibility to Illness and Injury 58 PART FOUR PLANNING THE TRAINING SESSION AND TRAINING YEAR 61 Nutrition and Weight Loss for Judo Performance 61 Carbohydrates 62 Proteins 62 Fats, Vitamins and Minerals 63 The Ideal Athlete Diet 63 Monitoring the Athletic Diet 63 Effective Weight Loss Strategies 64 Periodization and The Annual Judo Training Plan 66 The Preparatory Phase 66 The Competitive Phase 67 The Transition Phase 68 Designing the Judo Training Session 68 Training the Aerobic System for Judo Specificity 68 Training the Lactate System for Judo Specificity 69 Training the Alactate System for Judo Specificity 70 Summary 72 Periodized Strength Training Program for Judo Athletes 72 Mental Preparation Program 79 Summary 81 Annual Training Plan 83 REFERENCES 85 ABOUT THE AUTHOR 93
PREFACE AND INTRODUCTION
The Olympic sport of Judo has experienced incredible success worldwide since the inception of the martial art in 1882. The current ruling sport body of judo, the International Judo Federation (IJF), governs a membership of millions worldwide of both adults and children practicing the art and sport of judo. In many countries, judo is part of educational curriculums, and follows the trend initiated by its founder and professor of physical education, Dr. Jigoro Kano. Since judo's introduction to the Olympics in 1964, many countries have concentrated efforts on studying the science behind the sport of judo. The majority of these academic investigations have occurred in Europe, particularly Eastern Europe, where sport science is an integral part of coaching and athlete preparation. Not surprisingly, only recently has the western part of the world (North and South America) put efforts into understanding the science of judo. These investigations range from quantifying and identifying the physical make up of the judo athlete to understanding and measuring their psychological performance in both training and competition. Modern day coaching programs in all parts of the world are increasingly turning to the sport scientist in an effort to improve on athletic performance in elite level judo events.
The present document is a collection and review of sport science literature on judo training, performance and athletes. It is not, however, a book on judo competition technique, but rather a comprehensive literature review on sport science as it applies to elite judo performance. It will examine the multifaceted approach to sport science in an attempt to identify what traits are characteristic of elite judo athletes. The majority of the documents cited are collected from academic journals of medicine and sport, and will focus on the physiological, biochemical and psychological adaptations and traits to physical training as it specifically relates to judo performance. It will then examine the effects of overtraining and rapid weight loss; two areas that significantly impact both the training and competition performance of the elite judo athlete and strategies in recognizing and overcoming the effects of each. The final section of the book will present an example of some more common training methods with the aim of achieving the desired physiological, biochemical and psychological adaptations previously discussed. It will conclude with a sample annual training plan, incorporating all the previously discussed components.