Judo - Beginner To Black Belt
In spite of the training time I spent with the author, and my personal opinion that Mr. Tegner was a fine gentleman, I don't have a very high opinion of his books. I can't recommend any of Mr. Tegner's books. Although this is the sort of book that introduced many people to Judo... it is worthless to the advanced student of Judo. There are mistakes all through the text, the Judo shown is not at a very high level. It is, however, interesting to note that he was perhaps the very first person to do photos of two Judoka in different colored gi's performing a technique. It does make the photos crystal clear.
Contents PREFACE /13 ABOUT THE AUTHOR / 15 INTRODUCTION / 18 A TEACHING CONCEPT / 18 COLORED BELTS/19 JUDO UNIFORM -- GI /21 BEGINNER -- ROKKYU / 21 ADVANCED WHITE BELT -- GOKKYU / 21 GREEN BELT -- YONKYU /22 THIRD DEGREE BROWN BELT -- SANKYU /22 SECOND DEGREE BROWN BELT -- NIKYU /23 FIRST DEGREE BROWN BELT -- IKKYO / 24 FIRST BLACK BELT -- SHODAN /25 SAFE JUDO PRACTICE /25 FIRST AID & MEDICAL RESPONSIBILITY / 26 TAPPING FOR RELEASE OR STOP ACTION /26 ROUGH PRACTICE /27 TORI/UKE /27 VOCABULARY / 28 THROWS -- NAGE WAZA / 30 KICKBACK THROW -- 0 SOTO GARI / 30 BODY THROW RECEIVING / 32 WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION / 33 BASIC HIP THROW -- OGOSHI / 34 SWEEPING-FOOT THROW -- DE ASHI HARAI / 36 STRAIGHT-LEG THROW -- TAI OTOSHI / 37 ARM-AROUND-NECK HIP THROW -- KOSHI GURUMA /39 KNEEBLOCK WHEELING THROW -- HIZA GURUMA /40 HIP THROW -- TSURI KOMI GOSHI / 41 ARM-AROUND-SHOULDER HIP THROW -- IPPON SEOI NAGE / 41 SHOULDER THROW -- SEOI NAGE /42 LATERAL SACRIFICING THROW -- UKI WAZA /42 BACK SWEEPING-FOOT THROW -- KO SOTO GARI / 44 INNERCUT THROW -- OUCHI GARI / 45 CIRCLE THROW -- TOMOE NAGE / 46 SWEEPING-THIGH THROW -- HARAI GOSHI / 47 PULLING DOWN STRAIGHT-LEG THROW -- UKI OTOSHI / 48 OUTERCUT THROW -- KO SOTO GAKE /49 LIFTING SWEEPING-FOOT THROW -- HARAI TSURIKOMI ASHI / 50 INSIDE LATERAL SACRIFICE THROW -- SUMI GAESHA / 51 UPPER INNERCUT THROW -- UCHI MATA / 52 SPRING-LEG THROW -- HANE GOSHI /53 INSIDE SWEEPING-FOOT THROW -- KO UCHI GARI / 54 SIDE SWEEPING-FOOT THROW -- OKURI ASHI HARAI / 55 REAR HIP THROW -- USHIRO GOSHI / 56 BACK HIP THROW -- URA GOSHI / 57 BINDING THROW -- SOTO MAKIKOMI / 58 CRAB CLAW THROW -- KANI WAZA / 60 SHOULDERING THROW -- KATA GURUMA / 61 BALANCE / 62 "T" STANCE / 63 CANTING AND TILTING / 64 FOOTWORK /66 PIVOTS / 66 TRAINING BALL / 71 LEG ACTION WlTH BAG / 72 ARM WORK & PIVOT EXERCISE / 74 SHADOW THROWING / 75 PRACTICE WITHOUT ENDINGS / 77 HOW TO BLOCK THROWS / 78 COMBINATION THROWS /80 SWEEPING-FOOT/STRAIGHT-LEG THROW /80 SWEEPING-FOOT/KICKBACK THROW /80 SWEEPING-FOOT/UPPER INNERCUT THROW /81 STRAIGHT-LEG/UPPER INNERCUT THROW /82 STRAIGHT-LEG/KICKBACK THROW /83 LEG BLOCK/LATERAL SACRIFICE THROW /84 LIFTING SWEEPING-FOOT/OUTERCUT THROW /85 BACK SWEEPING-FOOT/KICKBACK THROW /86 INSIDE SWEEPING-FOOT/PULLING-DOWN STRAIGHT-LEG THROW /86 SWEEPING-FOOT/SWEEPING-THIGH THROW / 87 SPRING-LEG/OUTERCUT THROW / 88 CIRCLE/INSIDE LATERAL SACRIFICE THROW /88 BINDING/PULLING-DOWN STRAIGHT-LEG THROW / 89 SPRING-LEG/OUTERCUT THROW / 89 FALLS -- UKEMI / 90 MAT WORK -- NE WAZA / 110 SIDE SHOULDER HOLD -- BASIC HOLD /110 SIDE SHOULDER HOLD -- FIRST VARIATION / 110 SIDE SHOULDER HOLD -- SECOND VARIATION / 111 SIDE SHOULDER HOLD -- THIRD VARIATION / 111 SIDE SHOULDER HOLD -- FIRST ESCAPE / 112 SIDE SHOULDER HOLD -- SECOND ESCAPE / 113 SIDE SHOULDER HOLD -- THIRD ESCAPE /113 CROSS-BODY HOLD -- BASIC HOLD / 114 CROSS-BODY HOLD -- FIRST VARIATION /115 CROSS-BODY HOLD -- SECOND VARIATION / 115 CROSS-BODY HOLD -- THIRD VARIATION / 115 CROSS-BODY HOLD -- FIRST ESCAPE / 116 CROSS-BODY HOLD -- SECOND ESCAPE /117 CROSS-BODY HOLD -- THIRD ESCAPE /117 TOP-BODY HOLD / 117 TOP-BODY HOLD -- FIRST VARIATION /118 TOP-BODY HOLD -- SECOND VARIATION / 118 TOP-BODY HOLD -- THIRD VARIATION /118 TOP-BODY HOLD -- FIRST ESCAPE / 119 TOP-BODY HOLD -- SECOND ESCAPE /120 TOP-BODY HOLD -- THIRD ESCAPE /121 STRADDLING-BODY HOLD / 121 REVERSE SIDE-SHOULDER HOLD / 122 ARM-AND-HEAD SHOULDER HOLD / 122 KNEELING SIDE-SHOULDER HOLD / 123 CHANGING MAT HOLDS/124 CHANGING MAT HOLDS -- SOLO PRACTICE /125 BENT-ARM LOCK / 126 STRAIGHT-ARM LOCK -- OUT WITH ARM PRESSURE / 126 STRAIGHT-ARM LOCK -- UP WITH LEG PRESSURE / 126 STRAIGHT-ARM LOCK WITH HIP PRESSURE /126 STRAIGHT-ARM LOCK INTO BODY / 127 STRAIGHT-ARM LOCK WITH BODY LEVER / 128 STRAIGHT-ARM LOCK WITH LEG LEVER / 128 COMBINATION STRAIGHT-ARM LOCK/BENT-ARM LOCK /128 REAR BENT-ARM LOCK / 129 KNUCKLE CHOKE /130 ONE-ARM CROSS CHOKE / 130 FRONT SLIDING CHOKE /130 CROSSED-ARM CHOKE / 131 LOOP CHOKE / 131 REAR FOREARM CHOKE /132 REAR SLIDING CHOKE /132 UNDER-AND-OVER ARM CHOKE / 132 REAR NECK LOCK CHOKE / 132 RELEASES FROM CHOKES / 134 RELEASE FROM ARM LOCKS / 134 FREE-STYLE PLAY -- RANDORI /135 GIVE & TAKE THROWING / 135 INDIVIDUAL STYLE / 136 ETIQUETTE / 136 SALUTATION BOW /137 COURTESY THROW / 137 KIAI / 137 THE GOING-WITH PRINCIPLE / 138 BY-CHANCE THROWS AND SET-UP THROWS / 139 SET-UP MANEUVER / 140 FALSE OPPORTUNITY SET-UP /140 FAKE & THROW / 140 FOLLOW THE LEADER SET-UP / 142 BY-CHANCE / 142 HOW TO COPE WITH RETREATING STYLE / 143 DEFENSIVE PLAY / 144 DEFENSIVE STANCE /144 IMMEDIATE OFFENSIVE PLAY /145 BELT 5 CLOTH GRIPS / 145 TIPS FOR TALL MEN /147 TIPS FOR SHORT MEN / 148 MANEUVERING / 150 BLINDFOLDED SPARRING /151 WEARING SOCKS HANDICAP / 151 HALF-POINT THROWS / 152 COUNTERS AGAINST STIFF-ARMING / 153 MAT WORK TACTICS / 157 ADDING POINTS WITH MAT WORK /157 DEFENSIVE TACTICS TO PREVENT MAT WORK / 158 THROW & LEAP / 160 RISING FROM THE MAT /161 STANDING CHOKES 5 THROWS IN COMBINATION / 162 THE THIRTY-SECOND TEST / 162 CHANGING STYLE AS A TACTIC / 163 COUNTERTHROWS / 163 DIGEST OF JUDO CONTEST RULES / 164 ILLEGAL CONTEST TACTICS / 166 FORMAL ROUTINES -- KATA / 168 BLACK BELT FORMAL THROWS -- SHO DAN NAGA NO KATA /168 MAT WORK FORMS -- KATAME NO KATA / 183 PROCEDURE /183 HOLDS -- OSEA WAZA /183 SIDE SHOULDER HOLD /183 SIDE SHOULDER HOLD WITH ARM LOCK / 184 TOP-BODY HOLD / 185 CROSS-BODY HOLD WITH HEAD-AND-LEG LOCK /186 TOP-BODY HOLD WITH ARM LOCK /186 CHOKES -- SHIME WAZA / 187 CROSS-ARM CHOKE -- 187 REAR ONE-ARM CHOKE / 188 REAR LAPEL CHOKE /189 CHOKE WITH HALF NELSON / 190 CROSS-ARM CHOKE WITH FOOT LEVERAGE /191 LOCKS -- KENSETSU WAZA / 192 SENT-ARM LOCK / 192 STRAIGHT-ARM LOCK WITH HIP PRESSURE / 193 STRAIGHT-ARM LOCK WITH SHOULDER PRESSURE /194 STRAIGHT-ARM LOCK WITH LEG PRESSURE /195 SITTING DOWN TWO-ARM LOCK / 196 COUNTERTHROWING FORMS -- GONOSEN NO KATA / 198 INDEX / 206
Judo is a relatively new sport. It was introduced in Japan in the 1880's, the same decade that volleyball and basketball were introduced in the United States. Jigaro Kano, a Japanese educator and sport enthusiast, spent many years studying specialties of the martial arts. From among them he synthesized two new forms which he called judo.
For sport and physical development Professor Kano selected throwing and grappling techniques. For self-defense he selected hand and foot blows, holds, escapes and trips. He established the Kodokan, a school for teaching judo. Beginning students at the Kodokan were taught only the sport phase of judo-throws and grappling. Advanced students were taught the entirely different and separate techniques for self-defense. For many years, continuing into the present, the word judo has been used for both the sport form and the self-defense form of the activity. Sometimes the terms jujitsu or atemi waza were used to distinguish the self-defense activity from the sport of judo. More often, judo and jujitsu were used interchangeably. The resulting confusion delayed the acceptance of judo as a legitimate sport. It also resulted in the sport techniques of judo being misperceived as self-defense. Professor Kano's own writings and teachings made it clear that the sport of judo was not intended for self-defense and his fervent hope was to have judo recognized as a pure sport form.
Although he did not live to see it, Professor Kano's fondest wish was realized when judo became an official Olympic Games event. Today the word judo is increasingly understood to designate the modern sport as it is practiced for fun and physical fitness, and for competition up through Olympic Games tournament.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Bruce Tegner was literally born to his vocation. Both his parents were professional teachers of judo and jujitsu and they began to teach him when he was two years old! His mother, June Tegner, was a remarkable woman who achieved the high rank of third degree black belt (sandan) under the tutelage of T. Shozo Kuwashima, an official representative of the Kodokan. When Jigaro Kano, the founder of judo, visited the United States, June Tegner traveled with his entourage and was later invited to study at the Kodokan. The Tegner family maintained a relationship with the Kodokan until after the death of Professor Kano and the beginning of World War II.
When he was eight years old, Mr. Tegner's instruction was taken up by Asian and European masters. In a subject area in which most individuals studied a single specialty of the martial arts, Tegner's background is exceptional. His education covered many styles of weaponless fighting and included instruction in sword and stick fighting. But judo remained his favored activity in his youth. He, too, studied with T. Shozo Kuwashima, and under Kuwashima's expert coaching achieved the rank of second black belt (nidan) at the age of seventeen-then the youngest second degree black belt on record in the United States. He then went on to become the California state judo champion in 1949. Bruce Tegner did not engage in competition after 1949, but devoted himself to research, writing, teaching, and teacher training. He had begun his teaching career while still a youngster, assisting in schools operated by his family. Professional activity was not a bar to competition in those days.
In the U. S. Armed Forces, Mr. Tegner taught teachers of hand-to-hand combat, trained military police instructors and coached special services sport judo teams. He was also employed by the U. S. Government to train border patrol personnel and Treasury Department agents.
From 1952 to 1967 he operated a private school in Hollywood where he taught thousands of men, women and children, and was frequently called on for technical advice for movies and television programs. He instructed actors and invented spectacular fight scenes, and in several films he even took the role of villain, "losing" fights to actors whom he had trained.
Although Bruce Tegner was taught in a traditional manner, he introduced innovations in teaching procedures and concepts which were considered heretical at the time, but which have since been widely imitated and are now recognized as being consistent with modern concepts of health and physical education. He has devised many special courses, among them courses of practical self-defense which have been adopted in physical education classes throughout the world.