Kodokan Judo - 1955 Edition

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Author: Jigoro Kano
Pub: 1955 by Kodansha
Pages: 286
Ranking:Five star Rating
Out of Print


This is the original publishing of this great classic. Quite costly on the used market (generally around $100), this isn't far different from the more recent edition, Kodokan Judo. This is the 'bible' or 'definitive' book for most Judoka. Contains descriptions of all formally recognized techniques, and all 7 katas. This original edition doesn't, of course, contain the more recent Shinmeisho no waza, that is in the new edition. The descriptions are short, and not comprehensive, but serve well as a memory aid, and to the advanced student, quite enough to learn the technique. Technique names given both in Japanese and in English, and the English translation is relatively good.

Unless you are a collector, there's no particular reason to prefer this version over the most recent 1986 edition.


        Preface by Risei Kano, the President of Kodokan                   i

CHAPTER I HISTORY OF THE KODOKAN JUDO                                     1
                 History of Jujitsu                                       1
          1. The Circumstances which led to the Rise and Development       
                   of Jujitsu                                             3
          2. The Development of the Kodokan Judo                          7

CHAPTER II PRINCIPLES AND AIMS                                           14

          1. Methods of Training and Practice                            24
          2. Preparatory and Supplementary Exercises                     29
          3. Dojo or Exercise Hall                                       30
          4. Judo-gi or Judo-costume                                     31
          5. Salutation                                                  36 
          6. Manner and Attitude in the Hall                             37
          7. Hygiene                                                     38

CHAPTER IV BASIC MOVEMENTS                                               39
          1. Use of Legs and Arms                                        39
          2. Methods of  Holding                                         41
          3. Use of the Feet in Movement                                 42
          4. Use of Strength                                             44
          5. Kuzushi  (Disturbing Balance)                               45
          6. Tsukuri and Kake (Preparation and Attack)                   47
          7. Ukemi  (Breakfall)                                          48

CHAPTER V CLASSIFICATION OF TECHNIQUES                                   67
          The Table                                                      70

      INSTRUCTION I                                                       
          1. De-ashi-harai (Advanced Foot Sweep)                         72
          2. Hiza-guruma (Knee Wheel)                                    75
          3. Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi (Propping Drawing Ankle Throw)         77
          4. Uki-goshi (Floating Hip or Loin)                            79
          5. O-soto-gari (Major Outer Reaping)                           81
          6. 0-goshi (Major Loin)                                        83
          7. 0-uchi-gari (Major Inner Reaping)                           85
          8. Seoi-nage (Shoulder Throw)                                  87

      INSTRUCTION II                                                       
          9. Ko-soto-gari (Minor Outer Reaping Ankle Throw)              89
        10. Ko-uchi-gari (Minor Inner Reaping Ankle Throw)               91
        11. Koshi-guruma (Loin Wheel)                                    92
        12. Tsurikomi-goshi (Lift-pull Loin)                             94
        13. Okuri-ashi-harai (Sweeping Ankle Throw)                      95
        14. Tai-otoshi (Body Drop)                                       96
        15. Harai-goshi (Sweeping Loin)                                  98
        16. Uchi-mata (Inner Thigh)                                      99

       INSTRUCTION III                                                      
         17. Ko-soto-gake (Minor Outer Hooking Ankle Throw)             101 
         18. Tsuri-goshi (Lifting Hip Throw)                            103
         19. Yoko-otoshi (Side Crop)                                    105
         20. Ashi-guruma (Leg Wheel)                                    106
         21. Hane-goshi (Spring-hip Throw)                              107
         22. Harai-tsurikomi-ashi (Sweeping Drawing Ankle Throw)        108
         23. Tomoe-nage (Throwing in High Circle or Stomach Throw)      110
         24. Kata-guruma (Shoulder Wheel)                               112

       INSTRUCTION IV                                                      
         25. Sumigaeshi (Corner Throw)                                  113
         26. Tani-otoshi (Valley Drop)                                  115
         27. Hane-makikomi (Outer Winding Spring Hip)                   116
         28. Sukui-nage (Scooping Throw)                                117
         29. Utsuri-goshi (Changing Hip)                                118
         30. 0-guruma (Major Wheel)                                     119
         31. Soto-makikomi (Outer Winding Throw)                        120
         32. Uki-otoshi (Floating Drop)                                 121

       INSTRUCTION V                                                       
         33. 0-soto-guruma (Major Outer Wheel)                          122
         34. Uki-waza (Floating Throw)                                  123
         35. Yoko-wakare (Side Separation)                              125
         36. Yoko-guruma (Side Wheel)                                   126
         37. Ushiro-goshi (Rear Loin)                                   127
         38. Ura-nage (Rear Throw)                                      128
         39. Sumi-otoshi (Corner Drop)                                  129
         40. Yoko-gake (Side Body Drop)                                 130
  CHAPTER VII EXPLANATION OF THE "GRAPPLING"                            132

  OSAE-WAZA (The Art of Holding)                                           
           1. Kesa-gatame (Scarf Hold or Lock)                          132
           2. Kata-gatame (Shoulder Holding or Shoulder Lock)           135
           3. Kami-shiho-gatame  (Locking  of  Upper Four  Quarters)    136
           4. Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame (Irregular or Broken Locking
              of Upper Four Quarters)                                   137
           5.  Yoko-shiho-gatame (Side Locking of Four Quarters)        139
           6. Tate-shiho-gatame (Longitudinal Locking of Four Quarters) 140

   II SHIME-WAZA (The Art of Strangleholds or "Necklocks")                 
           1. Kata-juji-jime (Half Cross Lock)                          141
           2. Gyaku-juji-jime (Reverse Cross Lock)                      l43
           3. Nami-juji-jime (Normal Cross Lock)                        144
           4. Hadaka-jime (Naked Chokelock)                             145
           5. Okuri-eri-jime (Sliding Collar of Lapel Lock)             146
           6. Kata-ha-jime (Single Wing Lock)                           147

   III KANSETSU-WAZA (The Art of Bending and Twisting                      
                  the Joints or Bone-Locks)                                
            1. Ude-garami (Entangled Armlock)                           148
            2. Udehishigi-juji-gatame (Cross Armlock)                   149
            3. Udehishigi-ude-gatame (Arm Armlock) or Udehishigi-        
                zempaku-gatame (Forearm Armlock)                        150
            4. Udehishigi-hizagatame (Knee Armlock)                     151
 CHAPTER VIII CONTINUOUS ATTACK, CHANGING                                  
                    TECHNIQUES AND COUNTER-THROWS                       152
        Using Your Own Movements                                        153
        Using Your Opponents Movements                                  156

CHAPTER IX THE CONTESTS OF JUDO                                         159

                           FORMS OF JUDO                                161
   1. Nage-no-kata (Forms of Throwing)                                  161
   2. Katame-no-kata (Forms of grappling or Holding)                    162
   3. Kime-no-kata or Shrinken-shobu-no-kata (Forms of Decision            
       or Forms of Actual Fighting)                                     162
   4. Ju-no-kata (Forms of Gentleness)                                  163
   5. Koshiki-no-kata (Form.i Antique)                                  163
   6. Itsutsu-no-kata  (Forms of Five)                                  163
   7. Seiryoku-Zen'yo Kokumin-Taiiku-no-kata (Forms of National            
       Physical Education based on the Principle of Maximum Efficiency) 164

  I  TEWAZA                                                             
     1. Uki-otoshi (Floating Drop)                                      165
     2. Seoi-nage (Shoulder Throw)                                      167
     3. Kata-guruma (Shoulder Wheel)                                    168

   II KOSHI-WAZA                                                        
     1. Uki-goshi (Floating Hip or Loin)                                170
     2. Haraigoshi (Sweeping Loin)                                      171
     3. Tsurikomi-goshi (Lift-pull Loin)                                172

   III ASHI -- WAZA                                                        
     1. Okuri-ashi-harai (Sweeping Ankle Throw)                         172
     2. Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi (Propping Drawing Ankle Throw)             l73
     3. Uchi-mata (Inner Thigh)                                         174
   IV MASUTEMI -- WAZA                                                   
     1. Tomoe-nage (Throwing in a High Circle or Stomach Throw)         175
     2. Ura-nage (Rear Throw)                                           176
     3. Sumi-gaeshi (Corner Throw)                                      177

   V YOKO-SUTEMI-WAZA                                               
     1. Yoko-gake (Side Body Drop)                                      178
     2. Yoko-guruma (Side Wheel)                                        179
     3. Uki-waza (Floating Throw)                                       179

   I OSAE-WAZA (Art of Holding or Hold-downs)                           
     1. Kesa-gatame (Scarf Hold or Lock)                                183
     2. Kata-guruma (Shoulder Holding or Shoulder Lock)                 184
3. Kami-shiho-gatame (Locking of Upper Four Quarters)                   184
     4. Yoko-shiho-gatame (Side Locking of Four Quarters)               185
     5. Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame (Irregular or Broken                   
         Locking of Upper Four Quarters)                                185

   II SHIME -- WAZA (Art of Strangleholds or Necklocks)                  
      1. Kata-juji-jime (Half Cross Lock)                               186
      2. Hadaka-jime (Naked Chokelock)                                  187
      3. Okuri-eri-jime (Sliding Collar of Lapel Lock)                  187
      4. Kata-ha-jime (Single Wing Lock)                                188
      5. Gyaku-juji-jime (Reverse Cross Lock)                           188
   III KANSETSU -- WAZA (Art of Bending and Twisting the                 
     Joints or Bonelocks)                                               
      1. Ude-garami (Entangled Armlock)                                 189
      2. Udehishigi-juji-gatame (Cross Armlock),                        190
      3. Udehishigi-ude-gatame (Arm Armlock) or Udehishigi-                 
          zempaku-gatame (Forearm Armlock)                              190
      4. Udehishigi-hiza-gatame (Knee Armlock)                          190
      5. Ashi-garami (Entangled Leg Lock)                               191 


I I  DORI                                                                  
  1. Ryote-dori (Both Hands Seizure)                                    194
  2. Tsukikake or Tsukkake (Stomach Punch)                              195
  3. Suri-age (Thrust at the Forehead)                                  196
  4. Yoko-uchi (Blow at the Temple)                                     197
  5. Ushiro-dori (Shoulder Seizure from Behind)                         197
  6. Tsukikomi or Tsukkomi (Dagger Thrust at the Stomach)               198
  7. Kiri-komi (Direct Down Cut at the Head with a Dagger)              199
  8. Yoko-tsuki (Side Thrust or Strike with a Dagger)                   199

 II TACHIAI                                                                
  1. Ryote-dori (Both Hands Seizure)                                    200
  2. Sode-tori (Sleeve Seizure from the Side)                           201
  3. Tsukikake or Tsukkake (Straight Right to the Face)                 201
  4. Tsuki-age (Uppercut)                                               202
  5. Suri-age (Thrust at the Forehead)                                  202
  6. Yoko-uchi (Blow at the Temple)                                     203
  7. Ke-age (Testicles Kick)                                            204
  8. Ushiro-dori (Shoulder Seizure From Behind)                         204
  9. Tsukikomi or Tsukkomi (Stomach Thrust with a Dagger)               205
10. Kiri-komi (Direct Down Cut at the Head with a Dagger)               205
11. Nuki-kake (Sword Unsheathing)                                       206
12. Kiri-oroshi (Direct Down Cut at the Head with a Sword)              207


    SET  I                                                                 
             1. Tsuki-dashi (Hand Thrusting)                            209
             2. Kata-oshi (Shoulder Push)                               211
             3. Ryote-dori  (Both   Hands  Seizure)                     212
             4. Kata-mawashi   (Shoulder   Turning)                     213
             5. Ago-oshi (Jaw Twisting)                                 214

     SET II                                                                
             1. Kiri-oroshi (Direct Head Cut with a Sword)              2l5
             2. Ryokata-oshi (Both Shoulders Pressing Down)             216
             3. Naname-uchi (Nasion Strike)                             217
             4. Katate-dori (Single Hand Seizure from the Side)         218
             5. Katate-age (Single Hand Raising)                        218

      SET III                                                              
             1. Obitori (Belt Seizure)                                  219
             2. Mune-oshi (Chest Push or Press)                         220
             3. Tsuki-age (Uppercut)                                    221
             4. Uchi-oroshi (Direct Head Strike)                        222
             5. Ryogan-tsuki (Both Eyes Poke)                           224

     CHAPTER XV EXPLANATION OF THE FORMS ANTIQUE                           
                   AND THE FORMS OF "FIVE"                              226
       KOSHIKI -- NO -- KATA (Forms Antique)                 
        Part I                                                             
             1. Tai (Ready Posture)                                     227
             2. Yume-no-uchi (Amidst Dream)                             228
             3. Ryokuhi (Strength Dodging)                              229
             4. Mizu-guruma (Water Wheel)                               230
             5. Mizu-nagare ( Water Flow)                               231
             6. Hiki-otoshi (Drawing Drop)                              231
             7. Kodaore (Log Fall)                                      232
             8. Uchikudaki (Smashing)                                   233
             9. Tani-otoshi (Valley Drop)                               233
           10. Kuruma-daoshi (Wheel Throw)                              234
           11. Shikoro-dori (Neck-plates Seizure)                       235
           12. Shikoro-gaeshi (Neck-plates Throwing)                    235
           13. Yudachi (Shower)                                         236
           14. Taki-otoshi (Waterfall Drop)                             236

          Part II 
               1. Mi-kudaki (Body Smashing)                             237
               2. Kuruma-gaeshi (Wheel Throw)                           238
               3. Mizu-iri (Water Plunging)                             239
               4. Ryu-setsu (Willow Snow)                               239
               5. Saka-otoshi (Headlong Fall)                           240
               6. Yuki-ore (Snow Break)                                 240
               7. Iwa-nami (Breaker on the Rock)                        241

 ITSUTSU -- NO -- KATA (Forms of Five)                                    
        The First Form                                                  242
        The Second Form                                                 243
        The Third Form                                                  243
        The Fourth Form                                                 244
        The Fifth Form                                                  244

CHAPTER XVI KAPPO (System of Resuscitation)                             246
   1. Sasoi-katsu (Inductive Method)                                    247
   2. Eri-katsu (Lapels Method)                                         247
   3. So-katsu (Aggregate or Composite Method)                          247
   4. Kogan-katsu (Testicle Method) or Inno-katsu (Scrotum Method)      248

(National Physical Education Based on the Principle Maximum-Efficiency) 249

 I   TANDOKU -- RENSHU (Solo Exercises)                                 250
   a. GOHO -- ATE (Five Direction Attack)                                  
        1. Hidari-mae-naname-ate (Left Oblique Blow)                    251
        2. Migi-ate (Right Side Blow)                                   251
        3.   Ushiro-ate (Rear Thrust)                                   251
        4.   Mae-ate (Front Blow)                                       252
        5.   Ue-ate (Upward Blow)                                       252
   b.  0-GOHO-ATE (Major Five Direction Attack)
        6. 0-hidari-mae-naname-ate (Major left Oblique Blow)            253
        7. 0-migi-ate (Major Right Side Blow)                           253
        8. 0-ushiro-ate (Major Rear Thrust)                             253
        9. 0-mac-ate (Major Front Blow)                                 254
       10. 0-ue-ate (Major Upward Blow)                                 254
   c. GOHO -- GERI (Five Direction Kick) 
       11. Mae-geri (Front Kick)                                        254
       12. Ushiro-geri (Rear Kick)                                      255
       13. Hidari-mae-naname-geri (Left Oblique Kick)                   255
       14. Migi-mae-naname-geri (Right Oblique Kick)                    255
       15. Taka-geri (High Front Kick)                                  255
       16. Kagami-migaki (Mirror Polishing)                             256
       17. Sayu-uchi (Both Sides Blow)                                  257
       18. Zengo-tsuki (Front and Rear Blow)                            257
       19. Ryote-ue-tsuki (Both Hands Upward Blow)                      258
       20. 0-ryote-ue-tsuki (Major Both Hands Upward Blow)              258
       21. Sayu-koga-shita-tsuki (Alternate Sides Downward Blow)        258
       22. Ryote-shita-tsuki (Both Hands Downward Blow)                 259
       23. Naname-ue-uchi (Oblique-Upward Cut)                          259
       24. Naname-shita-uchi (Oblique-Downward Cut)                     259
       25. 0-naname-uchi (Major Oblique-Upward Cut)                     260
       26. Ushiro-sumi-tsuki (Rear Corner Blow)                         260
       27. Ushiro-uchi (Rear Blow)                                      260
       28. Ushiro-tsuki Mae-shita-tsuki (Back and Front Downwards Blow) 261

      II SOTAI -- RENSHU (Dual Exercise)                                261
          A. KIME-SHIKI (Forms of Decision)                                
              a. IDORI (Movements in a Kneeling Position)                  
                 1. Ryote-dori (Both Hands Seizure)                     261
                 2. Furi-hanashi (Shaking-off)                          262
                 3. Gyakute-dori (Reverse Both Hands Seizure)           263
                 4. Tsuki-kake or Tsukkake (Stomach Thrust)             263
                 5. Kiri-kake (Direct Head Cut with a Dagger)           264
            b. TACHIAI (Movements in a Standing Position)                  
                 6. Tsuki-age (Uppercut)                                265
                 7. Yoko-uchi (Temple-blow)                             266
                 8. Ushiro-dori (Shoulders Seizure from Behind)         266
                 9. Naname-tsuki, (Carotid Cut with a Dagger)           267
               10. Kiri-oroshi (Direct Head Cut with a Sword)           268
          B. JU--SHIKI (Forms of Gentleness)                            268

CONTEST RULES OF THE KODOKAN JUDO                                       272
          Appendices A and B                                            281

A GUIDE TO THE KODOKAN                                                  283

            Ippon-seoi-nage (Shoulder Throw)                             iv
            Tomoe-nage (Throwing in a High Circle or Stomach  Throw)      v
            Harai-goshi (Sweeping Hip  or Loin)                          vi



The Kodokan Judo, although it only took its place as a physical and mental training and as a martial art in 1882, is already an international sport and is practised according to the same rules everywhere. Apart from its homeland -- Japan, it is especially popular in Europe and America and it is practised universally by both sexes.

This Judo, is a modern adaptation of the traditional Jujitsu- one of the martial arts of old Japan and one of the precious legacies of the samurai-and this reformation should be attributed to the late Dr. Jigoro Kano -- founder of the Kodokan -- who improved and elevated the old Jujitsu into a scientific system equally as suitable for the culture of man-kind as for a martial art, and even as a modern sport if the student prefers. Moreover he welded it to a high ideal- -- an unprecedented achievement in this field.

It has been pointed out to us that the need has long existed for a new "Book on Judo" which should be compiled from a new point of view, a more complete book designed to meet the requirements of the times. Numerous as are works of the kind that have been offered to the public ever since the Russo-Japanese War (1904 -- 1905), we feel at liberty to assert, without detracting in the least from the works of our predecessors, that they fail in many essential points to measure up to the ideal of what a Judo Book should be in that (1) they lack the theoretical side of Judo -- such as history, aims and purposes, principle of Ju, the all-pervading principle of Judo, preliminary exercises, things necessary for the exercise and other important items which are indispensable to the practise of Judo, (2) they are nothing but simple manuals or partial explanations of Judo techniques, and (3) totally lack the explanations of the Katas which are regarded as the grammar in a composition. In this "Illustrated Kodokan Judo" we have tried to explain Judo as one complete system, and to present the most complete and authoritative work at present. So we have given explanations of the most useful Randori waza (Techniques of Free Exercise) and all the Kata (Prearranged Forms), together with many cine-action photos and other pictures in order to make the movements easy to understand. With respect to the models who have posed for these illustrations we have enlisted the aid of many masters and high ranking judoka in each field.

To attain great proficiency in Judo as a technique, it is, needless to say, most advisable for the student to receive actual instruction as to the techniques from an able teacher. But also he needs to be correctly informed of the basics and general aspect of Judo (other than the techniques themselves) such as we have mentioned in the preceding paragraph. For this alone the present volume will be a good reference book for the novice under instruction. At the same time we believe it will serve as a manual for those who are unable to obtain the assistance of a proper instructor. Not only that, but we believe it will also be a valuable information book for the advanced students, as well as for instructors in general. There is one thing we regret in this work. Some of the pictures used are some-what lacking in clarity because we used cine-action photos already owned by the Kodokan. Notwithstanding this however, we decided to use them because: -- (1) the Judoka appearing in them are the most eminent authorities on Judo and (2) they include the four highest masters-including Dr. Kano-who have already passed away and with these, their last poses, we wish to dedicate the present volume to them.

If, to our great pleasure, the reader gains a correct knowledge of the Kodokan through this book, and more, advances himself in the practise of Judo, then the aim of this publication will be accomplished.

Risei Kano
President, Kodokan.
Tokyo. December 25, 1954.


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